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Bachelors Degree

Bachelor of Science in Biology


Bachelor of Science in Biology is a 4 years Bachelors Degree examined by Commision for University Education.

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About Bachelor of Science in Biology

Biology, the scientific study of life and living organisms, is a very broad field that ranges from microbes to human beings, to entire ecosystems. The Bachelor of Science in Biology program has a strong emphasis on biodiversity and is designed for students with a passion for the living world. Students study cellular and molecular biology, genetics, evolution, physiology, ecology, and animal and plant structure.

Biology is a research-intensive science that can lead to a wide range of study areas, like environmental work, medicine, microbiology, or agriculture. The hands-on nature of the course means graduates have a sound understanding of the theory underpinning biological sciences coupled with skills that can be applied in a wide range of professions. During the BSc in Biology program students are taught how to actively participate in the scientific process by searching the scientific literature, designing and conducting experiments, and presenting their results in written and oral forms. 

Biological science is crucial to several sectors of the economy including agriculture, human and animal health, safe and clean environment, biotechnology, conservation of natural resources. Today?s biologists require a strong background in cellular and molecular biology, organismal biology, genetics, evolution, and ecology. Additionally, you will be required to complete courses in chemistry, physics, and mathematics, ensuring a strong foundation in the core sciences.

In addition to developing exceptional written and oral communication skills in this program, students also develop strong critical and analytical thinking skills, advanced information acquisition and management skills, as well as precise attention to detail. All of these abilities are highly sought after in the business world and can be applied to practically any scenario.

Opportunities available to BSC in Biology graduates are also broad and range from careers in research to medicine to education. Many BSc in Biology graduates go on to professions in the health sciences where they apply their understanding of living organisms on a daily basis. Others move on to graduate school or careers in research where they generate new knowledge about living organisms for the scientific community.

Entry requirements for Bachelor of Science in Biology

To be eligible for admission into the BSc in Biology program candidates must satisfy the minimum University entry requirements of mean grade C+.

In addition to meeting the minimum University general admission requirements, candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Biology degree program must have any of the following:

  • Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) with a minimum mean grade of C+ or equivalent qualifications, and a minimum of C+ in Biology or Biological Sciences and C+ in any other two science subjects from the following: Chemistry, Physics, Physical Sciences, Geography and Mathematics.
  • Kenya Advanced Certificate of Education (KACE) with at least two Principal level passes one of which must be in Biology and the other in any other science subject from the following: Mathematics, Chemistry, Geography, Physics.
  • Ordinary/Higher National Diploma or equivalent in Biology or Biological Sciences with a credit pass or equivalent qualification.
  • A degree from a recognized university, or equivalent qualifications.

Institutions offering Bachelor of Science in Biology


University of Nairobi

Public University Starehe

The University of Nairobi is a world-class university committed to scholarly excellence. University of Nairobi mission is to provide quality university education and training and to embody the...

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Jomo Kenyatta University

Public University Juja

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT) is a public university near Nairobi, Kenya. It is situated in Juja, 36 kilometres northeast of Nairobi, along the Nairobi-Thika...

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Kenyatta University

Public University Ruiru

When you come to Kenyatta University,you discover that you have arrived at a special place.The University’s Main Campus is set on over 1,000 acres with a pleasant and...

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South Eastern Kenya University

Public University Kitui West

SOUTH EASTERN KENYA UNIVERSITY is a fully-fledged Public University that was awarded Charter on 1st March 2013 by His Excellency Hon. Mwai Kibaki, the former President of the...

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Muranga University of Technology

Public University Likoni

Muranga University College (MRUC) was established in September 2011 via Muranga University College order legal notice No. 129 of September 2011 as a constituent College of Jomo Kenyatta...

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University of Kabianga

Public University Belgut

The University of Kabianga is an institution of higher learning in Kenya that is located in Kabianga Complex in Kercho County.University of Kabianga (UoK) is an ISO certified...

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Maseno University

Public University Kisumu West

Maseno University founded in 1991, is the only university on the globe that lies along the Equator (00). It is one of the seven public universities in Kenya....

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Chuka University

Public University Chuka Igambangombe

Chuka University, the largest and most diverse university in Eastern Kenya, provides high-quality and affordable university programs which are attractable worldwide and has the needed infrastructure to facilitate...

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Kirinyaga University

Public University Kirinyaga Central

Kirinyaga University College was established by the Kenya Government through THE Kirinyaga University College Order, Legal Notice No. 108 of September 2011 as a constituent college of Jomo...

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Pwani University

Public University Kilifi South

Pwani University is a public university in the Kilifi County in Kenya, located 60 km north of Mombasa in the resort town of Kilifi, within the larger Kilifi...

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Dedan Kimathi University of Technology

Public University Nyeri Town

Dedan Kimathi University of Technology (DeKUT) is a Public University that focuses on Quality Education, Research, Innovation, Technology Development and Transfer. The University is a successor of Kimathi...

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University of Eastern Africa Baraton

Private University Chesumei

The University of Eastern Africa, Baraton was established in 1979 as an affiliate of Andrews University, Michigan State, United States of America, until 1991, when it became the...

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Objectives of Bachelor of Science in Biology

Today?s biologists require a strong background in cellular and molecular biology, organismal biology, genetics, evolution, and ecology.

The Bachelor of Science degree program aims at producing graduates with the knowledge and practical skills in life sciences that prepare them to contribute directly to food security, health, and poverty eradication. Furthermore, the course is designed to produce capability for food processing industries, environmental protection, and wildlife conservation which require specialists in biology.

Objectives of the BSc in Biology program

  • To produce holistic graduates by equipping students with a broad-based foundation in biology including emerging areas in molecular biology and biotechnology.
  • To equip students with the knowledge and practical skills in the following broad areas of biology: ecology, parasitology, entomology, physiology, taxonomy, microbiology, genetics, and molecular biology; that prepare them to directly contribute to food security, health, and poverty eradication.

Upon completing this BSc in Biology course, graduates should be able to:

  • Demonstrate competence in different areas in the biological sciences such as botany, zoology, genetics, molecular biology.
  • Apply the necessary knowledge and technical skills in biological science sectors and other service industries in the private, public, and community sectors.
  • Invent and manage their own ventures and be involved in community development.
  • Develop skills in scientific research and writing that will enable them to work together with biological research teams
  • Establish a foundation for continuation into advanced degrees in various fields in the biological sciences.

Bachelor of Science in Biology - Programme

Year 1

  • Communication Skills
  • HIV and AIDS
  • Elements of Economics
  • Plant diversity
  • Introduction to Genetics
  • Invertebrate Zoology
  • Lower Plants
  • Vertebrate zoology
  • Physical Chemistry 1
  • Organic Chemistry 1
  • Inorganic Chemistry 1
  • Fundamentals of Ecology
  • Introduction to Microbiology
  • Information Technology

Year 2

  • Cell Biology
  • Biomolecules
  • Gymnosperm and Angiosperm Taxonomy
  • General Microbiology
  • Plant Ecology
  • Plant Biochemistry
  • Histology
  • Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecology
  • Basic Immunology
  • Laboratory Techniques and Safety
  • Principles of Plant Pathology
  • Plant microbial interactions
  • Principles of Parasitology
  • General and Molecular Genetics

Year 3

  • Plant Physiology
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Biostatistics
  • Entomology
  • Bioethics and Biosafety
  • Research Methodology
  • Microbial Metabolism
  • Mycology
  • Virology

Botany Major

  • Biosystematics and Palynology
  • Plant Cell Structure and Function
  • Plant Nematology
  • Eco-physiology
  • Plant taxonomy
  • Ethnobotany
  • Biosystematics and Palynology
  • Plant Population Ecology
  • Eco-physiology
  • Arid Land Ecology 

Zoology Major

  • Fundamentals of Animal Welfare
  • Animal Physiology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Animal Behavior and Ethology
  • Advanced Vertebrate Zoology
  • Animal Ecology
  • Theoretical Ecology

Year 4

  • Community ecology
  • Population Genetics
  • Bio-Entrepreneurship
  • Environmental Biology and Conservation
  • History and Philosophy of Biology
  • Limnology and Marine Biology

Botany Major

  • Research project (Optional)
  • Plant Morphogenesis
  • Ecological Monitoring
  • Economic Botany
  • Evolution
  • Marine Botany
  • Advanced Taxonomy

Zoology Major

  • Research project (Optional)
  • Ecological Monitoring
  • Evolution
  • Fresh Water Ecology
  • GIS and Remote Sensing
  • Environmental Impact Assessment and Monitoring
  • Research project (Optional)
  • Environmental Biology and Conservation
  • Limnology and Marine Biology
  • Applied Entomology
  • Applied Parasitology
  • Animal Breeding and Improvement
  • Environmental Physiology

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