Free cookie consent management tool by TermsFeed
Bachelors Degree

Bachelor of Science in Horticulture


Bachelor of Science in Horticulture is a 4 years Bachelors Degree examined by Commision for University Education.

| View institutions offering this program

About Bachelor of Science in Horticulture

The Bachelor of Science in Horticulture degree program is an applied science discipline dealing with the conservation, improvement, production, processing, distribution, and utilization of fruits, vegetables, flowers, and other ornamental plants. This BSc in Horticulture program trains advanced level personnel with practical and theoretical skills in general horticulture, who through research, extension, marketing, and entrepreneurship, will be able to increase production and use of horticultural and other crops.
Horticulture is a fast-growing and major subsector of the agricultural industry in Kenya. Its contribution towards both small-scale and large-scale farm incomes, employment, foreign exchange earnings, and food production security cannot be overemphasized. However, the full potential of horticulture is yet to be realized, hence the need for a highly qualified workforce to drive the industry. The major goal of the Bachelor of Science in horticulture is to prepare the graduates to meet challenges faced by the horticultural industry in realizing its full potential.
Competent graduate horticulturists from this program are capable of integrating horticultural components in farming systems; provide technical solutions compatible with the available resources; conversing with large-scale and specialized corporate horticultural production and smallholder horticulture systems, greenhouse production sustainably with local and export marketing skills.

Career Opportunities

The graduates are planners, organizers, managers, and administrators, and entrepreneurs in horticultural production systems like floriculture, viticulture, ornamental, vegetable production, and landscape designing.
After completing your qualification, you will be prepared for a wide range of technical and management positions, in Kenya and Internationally. Some areas of employment include:
  • horticulture science consultant
  • orchard and greenhouse production management
  • crop disease and pest control
  • technology, innovation, and robotics
  • post-harvest management
  • biosecurity
  • organic production
  • perishable supply chain management
  • international trade, access, and marketing
  • policy, regulation, and advocacy.

Entry requirements for Bachelor of Science in Horticulture

To be eligible for admission into the Bachelor of Science (Horticulture) degree program you need to meet the following minimum admission requirements:

  • Holders of KCSE with a mean grade of C+ with passes at C or above in Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics or Physics or Geography, and any one of the following; English, Kiswahili, Physics (if not included above), History and Government, Geography (if not included above), Christian Religious Education, Islamic Religious Education, Hindu Religious Education, Home Science, Art and Design, Agriculture, Aviation Technology, Computer Science, French, Germany, Arabic, Music, Business Studies.
  • Holders of K.A.C.E. or equivalent with a minimum of 2 principal passes in Biology and Chemistry and at least a subsidiary pass in Mathematics. If Mathematics was not offered at K.A.C.E, then it is accepted at Ordinary Level but with a minimum of a credit pass.
  • Holders of a Diploma in Biological Sciences or related sciences from a recognized institution with credit or distinction, with KCSE, mean grade of C or above.
  • Holders of a degree in biological sciences or related sciences from a recognized University

Institutions offering Bachelor of Science in Horticulture


University of Nairobi

Public University Starehe

The University of Nairobi is a world-class university committed to scholarly excellence. University of Nairobi mission is to provide quality university education and training and to embody the...

| Read more

Jomo Kenyatta University

Public University Juja

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT) is a public university near Nairobi, Kenya. It is situated in Juja, 36 kilometres northeast of Nairobi, along the Nairobi-Thika...

| Read more

Maseno University

Public University Kisumu West

Maseno University founded in 1991, is the only university on the globe that lies along the Equator (00). It is one of the seven public universities in Kenya....

| Read more

Pwani University

Public University Kilifi South

Pwani University is a public university in the Kilifi County in Kenya, located 60 km north of Mombasa in the resort town of Kilifi, within the larger Kilifi...

| Read more

Chuka University

Public University Chuka Igambangombe

Chuka University, the largest and most diverse university in Eastern Kenya, provides high-quality and affordable university programs which are attractable worldwide and has the needed infrastructure to facilitate...

| Read more

South Eastern Kenya University

Public University Kitui West

SOUTH EASTERN KENYA UNIVERSITY is a fully-fledged Public University that was awarded Charter on 1st March 2013 by His Excellency Hon. Mwai Kibaki, the former President of the...

| Read more

Taita Taveta University College

Public University Likoni

Taita Taveta University College (TTUC) is a fast growing Institution located in Taita Taveta County on Voi-Mwatate road, about 8 kilometers from the Nairobi-Mombasa highway.It lies in a...

| Read more

University of Kabianga

Public University Belgut

The University of Kabianga is an institution of higher learning in Kenya that is located in Kabianga Complex in Kercho County.University of Kabianga (UoK) is an ISO certified...

| Read more

University of Embu

Public University Runyenjes

The University of Embu is a truly inspiring place to be where you will be part of a community of enthusiastic, industrious, highly qualified and experienced staff and...

| Read more

Karatina University

Public University Mathira

Karatina University is a Chartered public university in Kenya. Situated 15km North off Karatina town, the University aspires to be one of the leading institutions of higher learning...

| Read more

Kisii University

Public University Nyaribari Chache

Kisii University is a World-Class University for the Advancement of Academic Excellence, Research and Social Welfare.Kisii University was founded in 1965 as a primary teachers? training college on...

| Read more

Tom Mboya University College

Public University Mbita

Tom Mboya University College (TMUC) was gazetted on April 16th, 2016 as a Constituent College of Maseno University (MSU). Tom Mboya University College is named after the legendary...

| Read more

Objectives of Bachelor of Science in Horticulture

The horticultural sector has acquired a bigger role in the economy of Kenya in generating self-employment and increasing income for the rural population. There is, therefore, a dire need for highly qualified manpower to provide the necessary skills to sustain and expand production for the local market, raw materials for the processing industry, and fresh exports.

The Bachelor of Science degree program in Horticulture is thus aimed at bringing about the realization of this potential. The broad objective of the program is to train high-level manpower with practical and theoretical skills in general horticulture who will, through research, extension, marketing, and self-employment, be able to improve and increase both the production of horticultural and other crops. At the end of the program the graduates should be able to:

  • Perceive the importance of horticulture in the national economy with particular reference to the role of vegetables, fruits, and flowers in meeting the family needs for food, clothing, and shelter.
  • Make use of the acquired knowledge and practical skills to raise production and improve the marketing of horticultural crops and products on both small and large-scale farms.
  • Set up and run a thriving private horticultural enterprise on vegetables, fruits, or flowers.
  • Using acquired knowledge and practical skills, be able to relate and integrate the production of horticultural crops with other farm enterprises.
  • Carry out simple, but meaningful scientific research on various facets of horticultural and other crop enterprises.
  • Promote environmental conservation by encouraging and effecting practices that minimize soil erosion and pollution from pesticides.

Bachelor of Science in Horticulture - Programme

The Bachelor of Science in Horticulture degree program normally takes four academic years, and the courses are offered in units. A course unit is defined as a 2-hour lecture and a 2-hour tutorial or a 3-hour practical session per week per semester. The professional nature of the program necessitates that in a given academic year the candidates will take a minimum of 16 units and a maximum of 18 units, exclusive of Field Attachment and Research Project. Students will take all the courses offered in each academic year.

Year 1 Units

  • Communication Skills
  • General Economics
  • Introduction to General Agric. and Agrometeorology
  • Mathematics I
  • Physics I
  • General Microbiology
  • Chemistry I (Inorganic)
  • Plant Morphology and Anatomy
  • Development Studies
  • Mathematics II
  • Physics II
  • Chemistry II (Physical)
  • Chemistry III (Organic)
  • Taxonomy of Higher Plants
  • Entomology
  • Animal Production

Year 2 Units

  • Farm Records and Accounts
  • Information Technology I
  • Technical Drawing and Survey
  • Statistics
  • Plant Biochemistry and Physiology
  • Plant Physiology
  • Weed Science
  • Soil Science I
  • Farm Management
  • Information Technology II
  • Principles of Horticulture
  • Plant Propagation
  • Genetics and Cytogenetics
  • Ornamental Horticulture I
  • Annual and Perennial Crops
  • Soil Science II
  • Field Attachment I

Year 3 Units

  • Agricultural Marketing
  • Pomology I
  • Olericulture I
  • Plant Pathology
  • Floriculture I
  • Plant Nutrition
  • Experimental Design
  • Agricultural Structures I
  • Pomology II
  • Olericulture II
  • Plant Breeding
  • Floriculture II
  • Postharvest Physiology
  • Soil Fertility and Fertilizers
  • Introduction to Farm Power and Machinery
  • Research Project I
  • Field Attachment II

Year 4 Units

  • Ecology and Environmental Science
  • Plant Biotechnology
  • Crop Protection
  • Postharvest Technology I (Perishables)
  • Soil and Water Engineering
  • Horticultural Seminar
  • Research Project II (2 Units)
  • Rural Sociology and Agricultural Extension
  • Seed Science and Technology
  • Ornamental Horticulture II
  • Principles of Food Processing and Preservation
  • Soil Survey, Classification, Land Evaluation and Planning
  • Landscape Design and Management
  • Research Project III (2 Units)

Somo College Guide

At Somo, we want to help you further your personal and professional development. We aim to do so by helping you find the right training from the right institution.
Our extensive directory is open to all.
The information at or any externally linked pages does not in any way constitute legal or professional advice and cannot be held liable for actions arising from its use. retains the right to edit/modify/delete the content on at any time.
Somo College Guide
Copyright © All rights reserved